Welcome to Agra Fort
Agra Fort wasbuilt by Akbar between 1565 and 1573. Its imposing red sandstone ramparts form acrescent along the riverfront,and encompass an enormous complex of courtly buildings, ranging in style from the early eclectisim of Akbar to the
sublime simplicity of Shah Jahan.The bat-hicks to thenorth are 19th-century British additions, A deep moat, once filled with water from the Yamuna, surrounds the fort.'the impressive Amer Singh Gate to the south leads into the fort.To its right is the socalled Jahangiri Mahal, the only major palace 0 the fore that dates to Akbars reign.
This complex arrangement of halls, courtyards and galleries with dungeons below was the zenana or main harem building. In front of Jahangir Mahal is a large marble pool which, as legend says, in Bur Jahan's time used to be filled with thousands of rose petals so that the empress could bathe in its scented waters.
Along the tverfront are the Khas Mahal, an elegant marble hall with an exuberantly painted ceiling, characteristic of Shah Jahan's style of architecture, and the two golden pavilions with typical banguldar roofs These pavilions were supposedly associated with the princesses Jahanara and Roshanara, and have narrow niches where jewels could be concealed. Facing them is Anguri Bagh ("grape garden") with its lily-pools and candleniches.The Shoesh Mahal
Manusda mromyaanl baths are to thenortheast near the gloriously inlaid Musamman Burj,thedouble-storeyed octagonal tower with clear views of the Taj.
This was where Shah Japan , imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb, spent the last years of his life. MinaMashed ("gem mosque"),probably the smallestin the world and the emperor's privatemosque, is nearby.To the side ofMusamman Burj isthe Diwan-i-Khas, a lavishly decoratedopen hall where theemperor met hiscourt. Two thrones,in whitemarble and black slate, wereplaced on the terrace for theemperor to watch elephant fights below. Opposite is the Machchhi Bahaman ("fish house"), once a magnificent water palace.To its west isthe Diwan-i-Aam, an arcadedhall within a large courtyard.
Its throne-alcove of inlaidmarble provided a sumptuous setting for the fabled Peacock Throne. To the northwest a the Nagina Masjid ("jewel mosque") built by Shah Jahan for his harem, and the Motif Masjid ("pearl mosque").
Beyond is the Meena Bazaar, the foils shopping centre, overlooked by a fine marble balcony where, according to legend. the beautiful Mumtaz Mahal first met Shah Jahan. The bazaar street lest directly to Delhi Gate, the original entrance,and to the Jami Masjid in theold city. Both the gate andhamar street are now closed to the general public.